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Antan HDTV Antenna

  • A TV antenna can give you access to free over-the-air TV
  • ABC, CBS, FOX, and NBC are among the channels that broadcast over the air in many areas.
  • Not all channels are available over the air. For networks like ESPN and Fox News, you’ll need a live TV streaming service.
  • Which OTA channels you’ll get will depend on which ones your antenna can reach, so choose wisely!
  • In suburban and urban areas, an indoor antenna should be sufficient. An amplifier can help you get a stronger signal.

Here at, our whole thing is showing folks like you how to watch TV without cable. Cutting the cord is the easy part, after all – the cable sales rep might give you a hard time, but you'll power through. The only remotely difficult part of this whole thing is staying entertained after you've banished your overpriced cable package, and we set out every day to show you how to do it. And there's one solution that we end up talking about constantly, both because it's incredibly powerful and because it's very underappreciated: free over-the-air TV. Free over-the-air TV, or OTA TV for short, is the best way to get everything from NFL games to local news broadcasts. To get it, all you'll need is an antenna and the very basic knowledge that it takes to set it up. Easy, right? Yet this is where some people get tripped up: The basic knowledge needed to use an antenna isn't exactly common knowledge, at least not these days. That's why we're here today to show you how to choose a TV antenna. We'll recap the basics, link to more specific how-tos, and give you the straight dope on how to choose the best antenna.

Feel free to keep scrolling if the remedial topics here aren't what you're here for — we'll meet you wherever you pick back up! For those who want to stick around, we're going to start with a very brief recap of what OTA TV actually is.

Free Over-the-Air TV: A Refresher

For folks who have been using cable for years, the very fact that OTA TV exists can be a surprise. Yes, people still use antennas that work (sort of) like the ones that your grandparents used — and, more importantly, channels are still broadcast for free over the air!

Over-the-air TV was, of course, the original form that TV channel broadcasts took. Networks like NBC were networks because they were able to connect different broadcast towers and air content all over the country at the same time. But individual viewers were not connected to these networks: They picked up the content with antennas after the network broadcast it from broadcast towers.

Eventually, due to issues with rural reception and other factors, companies began connecting customers to cable networks. But local stations kept on broadcasting over the air, too. If you've ever driven by your local news station's headquarters and seen a big tower, now you know what that was: a broadcast tower! That tower airs local content, but also the national stuff: If your local station is a Fox affiliate, for instance, then you can get Fox comedies and dramas as easily as you can get your local news team's broadcasts. It's all on the same channel!

Let's talk about how to use an antenna to get free OTA TV from these broadcast towers
Some broadcast towers looking impressive

Depending on where you are, your free over-the-air TV selection can include all four major networks (ABC, CBS, Fox, and NBC), PBS, Spanish-language stations like Univision and Telemundo, and much more.

Of course, to get it, you'll need an antenna!

How to Choose a TV Antenna

A lot goes into picking out the perfect TV antenna but, fortunately, it's all pretty simple once you have the proper background. Here's what you need to know.

Types of Antennas and Other Concerns

You can probably picture a few different types of antennas right off the top of your head: For instance, you probably know what “rabbit ears” antennas look like on old TV sets, and you probably know what roof-mounted outdoor antennas look like. These two examples represent two extremes of antenna design. Let's talk about antenna types!

Antennas can be indoor or outdoor antennas. They can also be directional and omnidirectional. The difference between indoor and outdoor antennas is fairly self-explanatory; as for directional and omnidirectional, that distinction refers to whether or not you have to point your antenna at the source of the signal. Omnidirectional antennas pick up broadcasts equally well from all directions.

Outdoor antennas tend to have larger ranges. They're big, but that's okay because you don't have to fit them in your living room. They also tend to be directional, but that's okay, too: If you live in a rural area where an outdoor antenna is a necessity, there's a good chance that your nearest broadcasts are all coming from more or less the same direction, anyway (They're going to be clustered around the nearest population center).

Indoor antennas are smaller and, ideally, a bit less ugly. They are often flat and designed to be mounted on the wall. They can also be free-standing, like rabbit ears. Indoor antennas are virtually always omnidirectional.

Antennas come in different ranges, and you'll of course want to get one that can reach the OTA stations you want to watch (more on how to find information on this in a moment). Generally, indoor antennas will top out at ranges of around 40 to 50 miles. For more range than that, you'll have to take things outdoors. Keep in mind that the ranges claimed by antennas can be a bit generous since we don't all live in the sort of ideal spaces in which these antennas are tested.

How Much Range Do You Need?

To know how to choose a TV antenna for your situation, you'll need to know what that situation is: How far away are your over-the-air stations? Once you know that, you can figure out what sort of range you'll be looking for in your ideal antenna.

Fortunately, finding your nearby OTA stations is incredibly easy. There are a few different tools available online that will calculate things for you. The FCC has a tool you can use, and there are two competing sites run by pro-antenna folks: AntennaWeb and TVFool. They all work pretty much the same way: You put in your address (or just your zip code, if you're feeling paranoid) and click a button or two. The site then shows you how far your nearest OTA stations are from you. You'll get a labeled list and a map. Pick out the stations you're aiming for (Look out for duplicates – you might not need to reach the CBS station 38 miles away from you if you have another CBS affiliate just 4 miles away!) and start getting a sense for the kind of range you'll want from your antenna.

Keep in mind that you might not get every station you'd expect within a given range because it's possible that a station will be blocked by an interfering building or landscape feature. So don't get too obsessed with the idea of reaching a specific channel – instead, make a holistic decision and aim to get the best possible bang for your buck. Upgrading from a 25-mile antenna to a 50-mile one just to (possibly!) secure one more channel might not be the best move, though, of course, it's up to you!

Other Considerations: Brand Names

Antennas aren't very complicated things, but that doesn't mean that it's impossible to make a bad one. There are plenty of lousy antennas out there! A cheap antenna might not deliver the same range that you'd expect. That's an obvious consequence of cheaping out, but it's worth mentioning that cheap antennas can fail you in other ways, too: They can look ugly or feel flimsy, they can break, and they can come with damaged coaxial cables that make it hard or impossible for your TV to read the signal from an antenna. Like pizza and James Bond movies, antennas are something that should be easy to make and yet are sometimes, somehow, made badly.

Fortunately, there are a lot of antenna brands that we've come to respect over the years that we've spent reporting on, explaining, and reviewing antennas here on Here are a few of them, in alphabetical order:

  • Antennas Direct
  • ChannelMaster
  • Mohu
  • NoCable

It's hard to go wrong with these brands, and this is hardly an exhaustive list. We've picked up antennas from relatively little-known brands that have blown us away — like the RG Monarch, for example. Just do some research and read a few reviews (both user reviews and online ones like ours) and keep some key brand names in mind as you shop.

More to Think About: Appearance

Most TV fans will find that their needs are covered well by an indoor antenna of some kind. That means that your antenna will be in your living room, bedroom, or other space with you as you watch TV – which means you'll probably want it to look decent!

Most indoor antennas are flat, wall-mounted antennas. Most come in either black, white, or both (Some even come with black and white on the same antenna — one on each side, so you can choose). The coaxial cables are almost always white or black, too. If you have a white wall, you might want to choose a white antenna to make your antenna as inconspicuous as possible — or you might want to opt for a high-contrast look to keep your space looking crisp and modern.

How to choose a TV antenna - appearance considerations
The Mohu Blade eschews looking inconspicuous in favor of looking sharp.

Some antennas are meant to be statements. The sleek and minimalist design of the Mohu Blade, for instance, impressed us in our review. The Mohu Blade is an example of an antenna that strives for style rather than camouflage. We think it's a good look, especially in modern spaces. If you find something like this is to your taste, go for it!

Antennas are utilitarian things, but it pays to keep their looks in mind. Since you'll get better reception with an antenna high on the wall, you may end up mounting your antenna in plain view. You'll be seeing a lot of it, so consider spending just a little bit more to get the look you want.

Setting Up Your Antenna

Once you've chosen the perfect antenna for your space, you'll want to make sure that you've got it set up correctly. Many antenna users have been frustrated or fooled after forgetting to properly place the antenna or scan for channels!

Antennas will get better reception from higher places. Watch out for interference, too, though. Try your antenna in a few different spots to see how it affects reception.

Remember to scan for channels! Your TV's TV tuner can figure out where the channels are, but it needs time to think. Go into your TV's menu and scan for channels. Once you've scanned, your TV will be able to show you the channels it has memorized. You may want to try scanning a few times to try to capture the most channels possible – try moving the antenna around and scanning from different spots, and try scanning on a nice clear day (weather's effect on antennas is pretty minimal, but every little bit helps!).

Improving Reception

We've shown you how to choose a TV antenna, but we all make mistakes. If you're not happy with your antenna's reception, though, you might be able to fix it without having to buy a whole new antenna!

For starters, check out our troubleshooting guide and try moving your antenna around in search of better reception. You might have missed a step or simply put your antenna in a spot that – for whatever mysterious reason – is no good!

You can also improve the reception your antenna gets by adding an amplifier. If your antenna didn't already come with one, you can grab an amplifier on its own from sites like Amazon. Amplifiers, as you might expect from the name, amplify the signals your antenna picks up. They can turn barely-there signals into ones strong enough to be picked up in your next channel scan, and they can turn weak, choppy signals into a smooth live TV experience. Amplifiers need to be plugged in. Once you've got one working between your antenna and your TV, you'll have a stronger signal.

How to Choose a TV Antenna: Just Pick One!

We've spent a lot of time telling you the ins and outs of choosing an antenna. And, to be sure, there was some valuable information to pass along! If you don't know the right range of antenna to look for, you'll be in trouble. And if you don't remember to scan for channels, you won't be watching anything but static!

But don't get paralyzed by your choices: antennas are pretty simple things. We love micro-analyzing the differences between them, and we'll be the first to recommend name brands and top models. But your choice of antenna is not likely to make a world of difference in your OTA experience, so try not to sweat it! Just determine your range, look at some name-brand options, double-check a review or two, and then make your purchase. You'll be watching TV without cable for free in no time.

17 thoughts on “How to Choose a TV Antenna

  1. Willard Holland says:

    Have been looking for all the information I could find about cutting the cord and your information [first time checking your site] is outstanding .I am 77 and have a very limited amount of funds . Cable price has continued to increase and even though I just have basic cable it is beyond my budget . Thanks for the info. Now if I just can figure what antenna is best.

    1. Stephen Lovely says:

      Thanks so much for reading!

    2. Phyllis Simoneau says:

      Thank you for information. Really appreciate it. We older ladies really need info we can understand!! Tx again

    3. Connie says:

      This has been the first site I have read that makes sense. So well explained. Wonderful job to the person or the ones that helped make this so very easy to read and understand. I can’t say Thank You enough on here but from the bottom of this old woman’s heart Thank aou..

      1. Stephen Lovely says:

        Thanks for reading!!

    4. Karen Harrison says:

      Willard, I am 72, a widow now for al.ost 8 years. I/ we had cable TV, it got to expensive, so after my husband passed away, I went to Direct tv.
      Had them fo 2 years, until they went from $43 per month, to almost
      Said heck with that, talked to several of my neighbors ( I live in a beautiful senior Apt. Complex, most of them suggested a flat antenna. Soo, I checked the milage to our local translator, bought my first one through Amazon,
      Not real expensive, and affordable,on a fixed income.
      Up until just before Christmas, I purchased a tv for my bedroom.
      Before, that, my livingroom tv had just an antenna, until 3 years ago, my son & daughter in law bought me a firestick for that tv It is wonderful, and I added a Disney us bundle ( which costs me under $16. Per month, my son pays the firestick bill ( he has Amazon prime).
      When I bought the new tv for my Christmas gift to myself, it is a Roku tv. I did have to purchase another flat antenna for that tv, hooked it up, and was going to ad a splitter, so I could get the same channels as the living room. Only problem, was, that to hook that to include both TV’s would have to have also purchased 20 plus feet of coax cable, an run it from bedroom to living room. Not gonna happen here, so as I was talking to the sales
      Guy, at Ace hardware,( they ate so helpful)
      He mentioned. He & his wife had a similar problem, and she purchased a firestick, ( no monthly charge unless you have
      Amazon Prime.
      Anyway I found one on Amazon, that came with all I needed to hook it up to my new tv, including the newest Alexa voice remote control, I am now in TV heaven on both TV’s with the only monthly charges, are Disney Plus, and I added
      Peacock tv $5.48
      Per month all very affordable, as well as enjoyable
      And I, also, after
      Scanning my tv, for
      Antenna channels, I get between 45-51 channels on each tv, depending on the weather, and even with weather conditions,which in AZ usually a bit of wind blowing, the channels that I
      Don’t get, are channels I don’t normally watch anyway! So, I gained, much more, and as I said,
      I am in TV Heaven, and hooked it all up myself! Hope,
      this long winded message helped!
      Happy TV Watching, Karen

      1. Geneva Eubanks says:

        Good for you Karen, I am also a widow of 4 years and in the process of cutting cable and have purchased a Roku stick. It’s a crazy process but I am learning from wonderful articles like this one. I am now looking at antennas and hopefully will get this all sorted out like you did. Thanks for your information and experience, it encourages me to keep on to stop the large giants from ripping everyone off with their crazy escalating prices for watching tv.

  2. Marlene says:

    Gentlemen: Thank you for all the info. I have an antenna and a converter box. I have not had any problem picking up the available stations; however, now I get absolutely nothing but a blizzard. I believe the antenna is ok as well as the converter box. I did a channel scan using the converter and also tried to connect the antenna to the tv. The channel scans indicate no signal. I bought a new antenna and a new converter, still nothing. The people at Best Buy said the cable companies have scrambled the channels. Really don’t know what to do now. Any suggestions.

    1. Leonard Brown says:

      If you have a DIGITAL TV set you will not need the cable converter box as the signal from the antenna is not scrambled. Just plug the antenna into the TV antenna input.

      If you have an old ANALOG tv and need a converter box to translate the digital over the air transmitted signal, to an analog signal . Then the converter box should be put between the antenna and the TV.

  3. Susan says:

    Same problem as above. Bought new antenna also. The TV station said they were changing settings. It doesn’t show up in the scan. ABC

    1. Barry Michael Pitluck says:

      ABC Philadelphia Pa broadcast’s in VHF, most of the other TV stations broadcast using UHF CBS, NBC PBS changed from VHF to UHF(which traditionally housed WPHL,FOX WG CHANNELS 17 and up)

  4. Anonymous says:

    I live 80 miles away from tv station. Will over the air ant work for me?

    1. Stephen Lovely says:

      Most likely, as long as you pick a strong enough one! At that distance, you’re almost definitely going to want to go with an outdoor antenna. A big directional antenna on the roof would be the strongest option, but there are some smaller wall-mounted outdoor options that advertise ranges of 80+ miles, too. (Some indoor antennas claim similar ranges, but we tend to be a little skeptical of claims like that. For 80+ miles, figure on an outdoor antenna.)

  5. BillUSA says:

    Just cut my cable with a major provider. I told them I couldn’t justify the cost for something I rarely use. And what’s on television nowadays isn’t what I call entertaining. A lot has to do with my aging as well, so I can’t fault the provider entirely.

    The cost was $216/mo for cable, telephone and internet. Now my bill will be $129/mo. I’ll soon be down to internet. I can still remember back in the early eighties when some promoters of cable legislation that the service would be free.

    I didn’t buy that at all since nothing in life is free, even if you don’t pay for it. But that’s another subject.

  6. John Lemmenes says:

    our house had an antena when we bought it 30 years ago and we got some reception then. All of the homes along the stretch of homes ours is in sit at a sightly lower elevation relative to the direction that our signals come from. There are trees along the backs of each lot, but this has been the case since these homes were built in the 70s. A number of these homes still have antennas and when I’ve spoken with them they all say they can get no broadcast TV now. I’ve tried inhouse antenna and once bought a roof top with no improvement.
    We are very close to the airport. I don’t know whether airport radar interferes with TV reception. We do get FM radio from the direction of the broadcast towers I’ve read that planes can cause intermittent interference, but this is the near absence of TV signal. Is this proximity to the airport a possible culprate?

    The reception plots show good signal strenght with inhouse sufficient for all but our local PBS station for which it recomends an atic antenna. What’s missing for me is a way of determining the wether our signal is physically blocked. At what angle would there be given the heitht of the towers and our actual elevation? Do the trees block the signal entirely or should some signal be getting through? Any suggestions would be helpfull.

  7. EdNJ says:

    Something else to consider is if your station is on VHF. Most are in UHF and run of the mill antennas should have little issue receiving those.

    VHF channels tend to be more problematic.

  8. Chuck says:

    When I moved to my new house just south of Memphis, I bought a couple of indoor antennas to use while trying to decide whether to go with Comcast, Dish, or DirectTV. I was able to get about 20 OTA digital channels with a nice sharp picture. This was good except my and I missed being able to view some our favorite cable channels so we signed up for a streaming service as part of phone and internet plan.
    We thought we try cable to get all the channels on all of all sets from one source. So we had a cable company come in and connect all the rooms to the line that was brought and we got two converter boxes. The cable picture quality was quite inferior to both the streaming service and the small indoor antennas. The cable rep said I would need HD converters to receive a HD picture on my HD TVs, and would cost another $100 a month.
    So I disconnected and returned the cable boxes and bought a $40 yagi, which located in the attic. I disconnected the input cable line and connected the antenna line to the splitter the cable company had installed. The OTA network stations are actually superior in picture quality to those on the streaming service.

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